1 CRAP

Elements and Principles of Design - Design Principles

Design Principles Powerpoint Presentation Review the presentation and answer the following questions in your notebook:

  1. What does CRAP stand for?
  2. What is Contast in design? How is it important? How is it used?
  3. What is Repetition in design? How is it important? How is it used?
  4. What is Alignment in design? How is it important? How is it used?
  5. What is Proximity in design? How is it important? How is it used?

 

Design Principle Posters

You will complete four posters, one for each design principle, Contrast, Repetition, Alignment, and Proximity by Friday.

Contrast

Contrast Poster

Summary

Using our art supplies, make a poster that illustrates contrast. Non-digital.

Guidelines

  • Use white paper as the foundation for your design.
  • Design it in landscape format: with the long edge going left-to-right and the short edge going top-to-bottom.
  • You can use any of the available materials to complete your ad: markers, colored pencils, crayons, rulers, compasses, colored paper, scissors, glue. Do not cut pictures from magazines.
  • Start your design in pencil so you can make adjustments before you finalize your design.
  • Design your poster with the following elements:
  • The word "contrast" should appear three times in three very different styles of lettering.
    • Each time, the letters in the word "contrast" should be at least two inches high.
    • Restrict your color selection to three very different (contrasting) colors plus the white of the paper. Using only three colors will unify your poster.
    • Put a contrasting background rectangle behind the word "contrast" at least once.
     
  • Thick "bubble" letterforms will work best for this. Do your best to create outlines for the letters and fill them in, rather than writing the word "contrast" with simple handwriting.

     



  • Make it neatly. Use a ruler. Take your time. Here is an example with red, black and yellow, along with the white of the page:

 

 


 

Repetition

Repetition Poster

Summary

Using our art supplies, make a poster that illustrates repetition. Non-digital.

Guidelines

  • Use white paper as the foundation for your design.
  • Design it in landscape format: with the long edge going left-to-right and the short edge going top-to-bottom.
  • You can use any of the available materials to complete your ad: markers, colored pencils, crayons, rulers, compasses, colored paper, scissors, glue. Do not cut pictures from magazines.
  • Start your design in pencil so you can make adjustments before you finalize your design.
  • Write the word REPETITION in letters at least two inches high somewhere on your poster, so they can be read across the room. Check your spelling!
  • The rest of your poster must be arranged like this:
    • A design with some element repeated throughout
    • The repetitive element can be text or image

Here are three examples:

 

 


Alignment

Alignment Poster

Summary

Using our art supplies, make a poster that illustrates alignment. Non-digital.

Guidelines

OPTION 1:
  • Use white paper as the foundation for your design.
  • Design it in landscape format: with the long edge going left-to-right and the short edge going top-to-bottom.
  • You can use any of the available materials to complete your ad: markers, colored pencils, crayons, rulers, colored paper, scissors, glue. Do not cut pictures from magazines.
  • Start your design in pencil so you can make adjustments before you finalize your design.
  • Write the word ALIGNMENT in letters at least two inches high somewhere on your poster, so they can be read across the room. Check your spelling!
  • The rest of your poster must be arranged like this:
    • THREE identical shapes/images which are close to each other and aligned along an imaginary vertical line which is at least ½ inch from the left edge.
    • THREE identical shapes/images which are different from the first three, and are close to each other and aligned along an imaginary vertical line which is at least ½ inch from the right edge.
    • The top shape/image in each group should be aligned along an imaginary horizontal line which is at least ½ inch from the top edge.
    • If you can make your items align with the word "alignment" in some way, that's even better.
  • Make it colorful.
  • Make it neatly. Take your time.

OPTION 2

  • Use white paper as the foundation for your design.
  • Design it in landscape format: with the long edge going left-to-right and the short edge going top-to-bottom.
  • You can use any of the available materials to complete your ad: markers, colored pencils, crayons, rulers, colored paper, scissors, glue. Do not cut pictures from magazines.
  • Start your design in pencil so you can make adjustments before you finalize your design.
  • Create a visual example of all alignments

 

 

Here is an example:

alignment poster lines

alignment poster lines 2

alignment poster example

 


Proximity

Proximity Poster

Summary

Using our art supplies, make a poster that illustrates proximity. Non-digital.

Guidelines

OPTION 1
  • Use white paper as the foundation for your design.
  • Design it in landscape format: with the long edge going left-to-right and the short edge going top-to-bottom.
  • You can use any of the available materials to complete your ad: markers, colored pencils, crayons, rulers.
  • Start your design in pencil so you can make adjustments before you finalize your design.
  • Write the word PROXIMITY in letters at least two inches high somewhere on your poster, so they can be read across the room.
  • The rest of your poster must be arranged like this:
    • FIVE identical shapes/images which are close to each other.
    • THREE identical shapes/images which are close to each other and different from the five mentioned above.
  • Make it colorful.
  • Make it neatly. Take your time.

OPTION 2

  • Use white paper as the foundation for your design.
  • Design it in landscape format: with the long edge going left-to-right and the short edge going top-to-bottom.
  • You can use any of the available materials to complete your ad: markers, colored pencils, crayons, rulers, colored paper, scissors, glue. Do not cut pictures from magazines.
  • Start your design in pencil so you can make adjustments before you finalize your design.
  • Create a visual example of proximity

 

Here is an example:

proximity poster example